Chronic Disease Patients
Smoking & Diabetes
Men and women who smoke are at a greater risk of developing diabetes compared to men and women who do not smoke. Of further concern is that diabetic smokers are reportedly less likely to receive the recommended care, are likely to have fewer diabetes care visits, and receive less frequent preventive care than diabetic nonsmokers. In addition:
- Smoking is an independent risk factor for developing Type 2 diabetes.
- Smoke contains cadmium, which is associated with diabetes.
- Smoking may be directly toxic to the pancreas.
- Smoking leads to higher abdominal fat, which can contribute to insulin resistance.
- Smoking increases blood glucose levels, glucose intolerance, and blood pressure.
Smoking in conjunction with diabetes can also exacerbate its effects and put individuals at drastically higher risk for its symptoms, including:
- Increased vision problems.
- Raised risk of gum disease and teeth loss.
- Raised risk of nerve damage.
- Raised risk of heart attack or stroke.
- Raised risk of dying of a heart attack or stroke by 11 times.
- Raised rate of amputation rate of foot and legs.
- Increased numbness.
- Poorer blood flow.
- Tripled risk of kidney disease.
- Inhibited effectiveness of drugs that help prevent diabetes.
For more information about smoking and diabetes read the Diabetes Fact Sheet.